Three selective media for the isolation of Bacillus sphaericus have been compared. BATS medium and a formulation employing adenosine as the principal carbon source were the most effective for the recovery of spores of strain 1593. Anthranilic acid as the principal carbon source was less efficient. Eighty-four strains were isolated from mud samples using these media and were identified by computer. Identifications were confirmed for representative strains using DNA sequence homology. Most were B. sphaericus sensu stricto or members of an unnamed group. However, one strain (BSE 18) was identified as the DNA homology group IIB and this organism was found to be highly toxic toward larvae of Culex pipiens. Southern hybridization of BSE 18 DNA to a probe prepared from the cloned toxin gene from strain 1593 revealed that BSE 18 contained a typical gene for the 41.9-kDa toxin.
- Bacillus sphaericus
- Culex pipiens