This paper describes the design of an IQ impedance modulator radio front-end which is used to generate Long Range (LoRa) symbols with backscattering techniques, allowing to build low power devices that may be compatible with the current LoRa networks. It is shown that a linear frequency modulated chirp can be generated by properly varying the phase of a reflected wave instead of directly varying its instantaneous frequency. The proposed device consists of two Radio Frequency (RF) transistors that generate a set of impedances by changing their gate bias, allowing to reflect their incident wave with pre-defined phase values. By joining these two reflected waves in quadrature, a new set of impedances is obtained whose phases vary 360 degrees, on a constant Voltage Standing Wave Ratio (VSWR) circle. In order to validate the proposed design, several LoRa symbols were generated and successfully transmitted and decoded. Measurements of the Bit Error Rate (BER) versus Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR) were conducted and shown to be in accordance with other related work. Moreover, the impact of intentional perturbations added to the control bias voltages was analyzed and tests Over the Air (OtA) were performed for different indoor propagation scenarios.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques|
|Early online date||8 Oct 2019|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2019|
- Backscatter communications
Belo, D., Correia, R., Ding, Y., Daskalakis, S-N., Goussetis, G., Georgiadis, A., & Borges Carvalho, N. (2019). IQ Impedance Modulator Front-End for Low-Power LoRa Backscattering Devices. IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, 67(12), 5307-5314. https://doi.org/10.1109/TMTT.2019.2941854