Investigation of dissolution rate kinetics of bulk pharmaceutical feed streams within a stirred tank vessel and a twin screw extruder

Arabella M. McLaughlin, John Robertson, Xiong-Wei Ni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The introduction of continuous manufacturing of pharmaceuticals has highlighted the challenging area of continuous dissolution of solids for work ups to flow chemistry systems. In this study, the use of a 16mm twin screw extruder (TSE) as a platform technology for solid feeds is investigated using four solid pharmaceutical ingredients (PI) in a mixture of water and IPA. In order for comparison, the same experiments were also carried out in a batch traditional stirred tank vessel (STV). The objectives of this work are to gain further scientific understanding on dissolution kinetics and to compare kinetics in both a batch and continuous system. The concentration of each PI during dissolution is monitored using an in-line UV-ATR probe, allowing the extraction of dissolution kinetics. Faster dissolution rates are achieved in the TSE than in the STV due to higher power dissipation generated by the aggressive shear mixing and thermal energy within the TSE. Complete dissolution of paracetamol is obtained within the residence time of the TSE; complete dissolution of benzoic acid and acetylsalicylic acid are achieved at higher barrel temperatures; however full dissolution of nicotinic acid is not achievable in the TSE under the experimental conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-226
Number of pages8
JournalPharmaceutical Development and Technology
Volume25
Issue number2
Early online date25 Oct 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Fingerprint

Pharmaceutical Preparations
Benzoic Acid
Niacin
Acetaminophen
Aspirin
Hot Temperature
Technology
Temperature
Water

Keywords

  • Dissolution
  • UV spectrometry
  • continuous pharmaceutical manufacture
  • kinetics
  • solid dosing
  • twin screw extruder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science

Cite this

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Investigation of dissolution rate kinetics of bulk pharmaceutical feed streams within a stirred tank vessel and a twin screw extruder. / McLaughlin, Arabella M.; Robertson, John; Ni, Xiong-Wei.

In: Pharmaceutical Development and Technology, Vol. 25, No. 2, 2020, p. 219-226.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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