Investigation of composite fabric impregnated with non-Newtonian fluid for protective textiles

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2 Citations (Scopus)
172 Downloads (Pure)


Commercial high-performance fibre materials for body armour have very low surface friction and this has become an issue in the effectiveness of ballistic impact energy absorption. Also, the incidence of sports injuries in high contact sports is high. The severity of injuries of police and sportsman can be reduced by wearing enhanced protective clothing that have the ability to absorb the shocks. In this study, a type of non-Newtonian fluid has been developed. It became hardened upon a shock impact which was observed through a drop-on-weight test. The non-Newtonian fluid was successfully applied on to a traditional plain weave body armour fabric made of Twaron®. The treated fabric was studied by scanning electron microscopy and a yarn pulling-out test. It shows that the force to pull out a yarn from the non-Newtonian fluid treated fabric is four times higher than that of the untreated one. The flexibility of the non-Newtonian polymer treated fabric remains unchanged. The polymer can be used for applications where impact protection can be a highly desirable property.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1013-1021
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Composite Materials
Issue number8
Early online date29 Aug 2019
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020


  • mechanical properties
  • Non-Newtonian fluid
  • protective clothing
  • shock absorbing
  • sportswear

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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