Investigation into the structures of binary-, tertiary- and quinternary-mixtures of n-alkanes and real diesel waxes using high-resolution synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction

Steven R. Craig, Gerard P. Hastie, Kevin J. Roberts, Andrea R. Gerson, John N. Sherwood, Robert D. Tack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High-resolution X-ray powder diffraction using synchrotron radiation has been used to determine the unit-cell parameters of binary (n-C20H42/n-C21H44 and n-C20H42/n-C22H46), tertiary (n-C19H40 to n-C21H44 and n-C20H42 to n-C22H46) and quinternary (with alkanes ranging from H-C18H38 to n-C26H54) n-alkane mixed homologous systems, together with a number of real diesel waxes. The structures have been found to conform to the orthorhombic structure with four molecules per unit cell and space group Fmmm predicted by Luth et al.8 for binary mixtures. Line profile analysis of the powder patterns revealed the existence of incipient end-chain and interchain disorder; a crystal packing model consisting of interchain mixing, end-chain twisting and chain migration is proposed to account for the observed disorder.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)859-869
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry
Volume8
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1998

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