Intrusion Detection Framework for the Internet of Things using a Dense Random Neural Network

Shahid Latif, Zil e. Huma, Sajjad Shaukat Jamal, Fawad Ahmed, Jawad Ahmad, Adnan Zahid, Kia Dashtipour, Muhammad Umar Aftab, Muhammad Ahmad, Qammer Hussain Abbasi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)
106 Downloads (Pure)


The Internet of Things (IoT) devices, networks, and applications have become an integral part of modern societies. Despite their social, economic, and industrial benefits, these devices and networks are frequently targeted by cybercriminals. Hence, IoT applications and networks demand lightweight, fast, and flexible security solutions to overcome these challenges. In this regard, artificial-intelligence-based solutions with Big Data analytics can produce promising results in the field of cybersecurity. This article proposes a lightweight dense random neural network (DnRaNN) for intrusion detection in the IoT. The proposed scheme is well suited for implementation in resource-constrained IoT networks due to its inherent improved generalization capabilities and distributed nature. The suggested model was evaluated by conducting extensive experiments on a new generation IoT security dataset ToN_IoT. All the experiments were conducted under different hyperparameters and the efficiency of the proposed DnRaNN was evaluated through multiple performance metrics. The findings of the proposed study provide recommendations and insights in binary class and multiclass scenarios. The proposed DnRaNN model attained attack detection accuracy of 99.14% and 99.05% for binary class and multiclass classifications, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6435-6444
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
Issue number9
Early online date24 Nov 2021
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2022


  • Cybersecurity
  • Deep learning
  • Dense random neural network (DnRaNN)
  • Internet of Things (IoT)
  • Intrusion detection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Information Systems
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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