International legal requirements for environmental and socio-cultural assessments for large-scale industrial fisheries

Julia Nakamura*, Daniela Diz, Elisa Morgera

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

This article seeks to clarify the extent of international legal requirements for environmental impact assessments (EIAs) and strategic environmental assessments (SEAs) for large-scale industrial fisheries, including whether these requirements entail the assessments of potential social and cultural impacts of the sector's activities. We discuss the current practices of impact assessments more generally and explain the potential and actual environmental and social impacts caused by large-scale industrial fisheries. Based on this analysis, we revisit the international legal foundations for a duty to carry out EIAs, arguing that such a duty applies to large-scale industrial fisheries. We also argue that EIAs for large-scale industrial fisheries, as well as SEAs for related policies and programmes, should integrate the assessment of social and cultural impacts, based on a mutually supportive interpretation of international law regimes dedicated to the sea, fisheries, biodiversity and human rights.

Original languageEnglish
JournalReview of European, Comparative and International Environmental Law
Early online date7 Sep 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 7 Sep 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Law

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