A plasmid was constructed containing the replication functions of pUC19, and the cgtA gene from Thermoanaerobacter sp. ATCC 53627, flanked by the dal gene from Bacillus subtilis and a sequence downstream from this gene. This was transformed into a Dal- B. subtilis strain, selecting for Dal+ transformants, which contained the cgtA gene in single copy integrated in the B. subtilis chromosome. The gene was subsequently amplified by a method which ensured that there was no functional plasmid replication system on the integrated DNA. The amplified structure was stable in the absence of selection pressure.