Polycarboxylic acid (PAA), a common scale inhibitor has demonstrated adsorption properties on stainless steel surfaces. An electrochemically based technique has been used to assess the extent of film formation. The presence of calcium and magnesium ions in the solution and the cathodic electrochemical activity at the metal surface have been shown to enhance the inhibitor film formation by promoting the transport of the inhibitor from the solution to the metal surface. The effect of the inhibitor film in retarding scale deposition is assessed using measurement of the deposition onto metal electrodes immersed in a supersaturated solution of CaCO3. The practical implications of these findings are discussed. © 2002 Elsevier Science.
- Calcium carbonate