Indium antimonide (InSb) has the smallest energy gap of any of the binary III-V materials, leading to a cut-off wavelength of 7 µm at 300 K. The addition of small proportions of nitrogen to InSb offers the prospect of extending the response wavelength into the 8-12 µm range, which is important for thermal imaging in that atmospheric transmission window and because it encompasses the absorption lines of several environmentally important gases and can therefore be used for monitoring the gases. We report on the growth, by a combination of molecular beam epitaxy and a nitrogen plasma source, of InSb1-xNx with up to 10% nitrogen. Structural characterisation techniques of TEM, AFM and SIMS have enabled some optimisation of material quality to be demonstrated by biasing the sample during growth. Measurements on light emitting diodes comprising a superlattice of InSb0.945N0.055/InSb show an emission wavelength of 10.5 µm, which is confirmed by free electron laser assessment. Comparison with first principles band-structure calculations indicate that approximately 10% of the nitrogen is active. Hall effect measurements of 1 µm thick bulk layers indicate an increasing n-type behaviour, the degeneracy effects of which mean, however, that this is only a lower limit. Crown Copyright © 2002 Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.