Input Spectrum Design for Identification of a Thermostat System

Md. Tanjil Sarker, Ai Hui Tan*, Timothy Tzen Vun Yap

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This paper considers the shaping of the amplitude spectra of perturbation signals for the identification of a thermostat system. The current approach in control engineering practice utilizes flat spectrum signals, which may not result in the highest possible accuracy. This research aims to investigate the effectiveness of optimal signals with amplitude spectra designed using two state-of-The-Art software approaches, namely the model-based optimal signal excitation 2 (MOOSE2) design and the optimal excitation (optexcit) design, in improving estimation accuracy. Such a comparison on a real system is currently lacking. In particular, there exists a research gap on how the combined choice of signal and model structure affects performance measures. In this research, two model structures are used, which are the autoregressive with exogenous input (ARX) and the output error (OE) model structures. Four performance measures are compared, namely the determinant of the covariance matrix of the parameter estimates and the minimum error, mean error and maximum error in the frequency response. Results show that the optimal signals are effective in reducing the determinant of the covariance matrix and the maximum error in the frequency response for the thermostat system, when applied in combination with the ARX model structure. The flat spectrum signal remains very useful as a general broadband perturbation signal as it provides a good overall fit of the frequency response. The findings from this work highlight the benefits of applying optimal signals especially if the identification results are to be used for control, since these signals improve key performance measures which have direct implications on controller design.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2920-2927
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jan 2023


  • Estimation
  • perturbation signals
  • signal design
  • system identification
  • thermostat systems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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