Injury analysis validation of a deformable vehicle front end model

Kausalyah Venkatason, Kassim A. Abdullah, Shasthri Sivaguru, Moumen M. Idres, Qasim H. Shah, Wong Shaw Voon

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Citations (Scopus)


In the event of an impact with an automobile, pedestrians suffer multiple impacts with the bumper, hood and the windscreen. The characteristics of a vehicle's front end and structural stiffness have a significant influence on the kinematics and injury risk of the pedestrian's body regions, in a vehicle-to-pedestrian collision. In this present study, the injury risk of the pedestrian is investigated in an impact with a deformable vehicle front end model for the purpose of validating the developed model. A simplified vehicle front end model consisting of a multi body windscreen and a finite element cowl, hood and bumper is developed. The MADYMO human pedestrian multi body dummy model is impacted by the vehicle front end model at the speed of 40 km/h. The injury to the various body segments namely the head, neck, sternum, lumbar, femur and tibia is obtained. The simulation values are compared to the experimental values for verification of the vehicle front end model.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication4th Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering
PublisherTrans Tech Publications
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9783038263142
ISBN (Print)9783037859339
Publication statusPublished - 19 Dec 2013
Event4th International Conference on Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering 2013 - Bangi-Putrajaya, Malaysia
Duration: 17 Dec 201318 Dec 2013

Publication series

NameApplied Mechanics and Materials
ISSN (Print)1660-9336
ISSN (Electronic)1662-7482


Conference4th International Conference on Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering 2013
Abbreviated titleICME 2013


  • Deformable vehicle front end model
  • Human dummy model
  • Injury analysis
  • Pedestrian impact
  • Validation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering


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