The hydrolysis of steroid sulphates, by steroid sulphatase, is an important source of oestrogenic steroids (oestrone, oestradiol and 5-androstene-3 beta,17 beta-diol) which are found in tumours. In the present study, we have examined the effect of dehydroepiandrosterone-3-O-methylthiophosphonate (DHA-3-MTP), pregnenolone-3-O-methylthiophosphonate (pregnenolone-3-MTP) and cholesterol-3-O-methylthiophosphonate (cholesterol-3-MTP) on the inhibition of oestrone sulphatase as well as DHA sulphatase activities in intact MCF-7 breast cancer cells and in placental microsomes. All three methylthiophosphonates significantly (P < 0.01) inhibited the hydrolysis of oestrone sulphate (E(1)S) in intact MCF-7 cells (31-85% inhibition at 1 mu M and 53-97% inhibition at 10 mu M). Significant inhibition of DHA sulphatase was also achieved. At a concentration of 50 mu M, all three compounds inhibited the hydrolysis of dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHAS) by > 95%. Using human placental microsomes, the K-m and V-max of E(1)S were determined to be 8.1 mu M and 43 nmol/h/mg protein. The corresponding K-i values for DHA-3-MTP, pregnenolone-3-MTP and cholesterol-3-MTP were found to be 4.5, 1.4 and 6.2 mu M, respectively. Such inhibitors which are resistant to metabolism may have considerable potential as therapeutic agents and may have additional advantage over aromatase inhibitors in also reducing tumour concentrations of the oestrogenic steroid, 5-androstene-3 beta,17 beta-diol, by inhibiting the hydrolysis of DHAS.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 1994|