Informal sector, income inequality and economic development

Prabir C. Bhattacharya

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    10 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This paper addresses - with the help of numerical simulations - some of the issues relating to income distribution in the context of development of an economy with an informal sector and migration of both low- and high-skilled workers from the rural to the urban area. A major aim has been to see under what conditions we do or do not get an inverted U-shaped curve of income distribution. The paper finds that the tendency always is for the Gini coefficient to rise and then decline. However, once it starts declining, it need not continuously decline; it may rise, then decline, then rise again and indeed rise above the previous peak before starting to decline again and may well end at the end of the simulation at a higher value than at the start. Any case for the redistribution of income is seen to be much stronger at the later stages of development that at earlier stages, even though at later stages, Gini coefficient may be lower than at earlier stages. The policy implications of the findings are considered. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)820-830
    Number of pages11
    JournalEconomic Modelling
    Volume28
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - May 2011

    Keywords

    • 011
    • 015
    • 017
    • 030
    • E17
    • Income inequality
    • Informal sector
    • Kuznets curve
    • Simulation

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