Influence of the operation conditions on CO2 capture by CaO-derived sorbents prepared from synthetic CaCO3

Alberto J. Nieto-Sanchez, Mara Olivares-Marin, Susana Garcia, Covadonga Pevida, Eduardo M. Cuerda-Correa

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Abstract

In this work, a statistical experimental design is performed in order to prepare CaCO3 materials for use as CaO-based CO2 sorbent precursors. The influence of different operational parameters such as synthesis temperature (ST), stirring rate (SR) and surfactant percent (SP) on CO2 capture is studied by applying Response Surface Methodology (RSM). The samples were characterized using different analytical techniques including X-ray diffraction, N-2 adsorption isotherm analysis and Scanning Electron Microscopy X-ray Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (SEM-EDX). CO2 capture capacity was determined by means of a thermogravimetric analyzer which recorded the mass uptake of the samples when these were exposed to a gas stream containing diluted (15%) CO2. The statistical approach used in this work provides a rapid way of predicting and optimizing the main preparation variables of CaO-derived sorbents for CO2 sorption. The results obtained clearly indicate that four parameters statistically influence CO2 uptake: SR, the square of SR, its interaction with SP and the square of SP. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2148-2158
Number of pages11
JournalChemosphere
Volume93
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013

Keywords

  • CaO-based adsorbents
  • CO2 uptake
  • Response surface methodology
  • Experimental design
  • CALCIUM-CARBONATE
  • PARTICLE-SIZE
  • PRECIPITATION REACTION
  • CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE
  • RESPONSE-SURFACE
  • HIGH-REACTIVITY
  • LOOPING CYCLES
  • DIOXIDE
  • OPTIMIZATION
  • ADSORPTION

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