Influence of Friction Stir Surface Processing on the Corrosion Resistance of Al 6061

Ibrahim H. Zainelabdeen, Fadi A. Al-Badour, Rami Suleiman, Akeem Yusuf Adesina, Necar Merah, Fadi A. Ghaith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
58 Downloads (Pure)


In this work, friction stir processing using a pinless tool with a featured shoulder was performed to alter the surface properties of Al 6061-O, focusing on the effect of tool traverse speed on surface properties, i.e., microstructure, hardness, and corrosion resistance. All processed samples showed refinement in grain size, microhardness, and corrosion resistance compared to the base material. Increasing tool-traverse speed marginally refined the microstructure, but produced a significant reduction in microhardness. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, linear polarization resistance, and potentiodynamic polarization were used to evaluate the effect of the processing conditions on corrosion behavior in a saline environment. All corrosion test results are found to agree and were supported with pictures of corroded samples captured using a field emission scanning electron microscope. A remarkable reduction in the corrosion rate was obtained with increasing traverse speed. At the highest traverse speed, the corrosion current density dropped by approximately 600 times when compared with that of the base alloy according to potentiodynamic polarization results. This is mainly due to the grain refinement produced by the friction stir process.
Original languageEnglish
Article number8124
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 16 Nov 2022


  • Al 6061
  • corrosion resistance
  • friction stir processing
  • pinless tool
  • saline environment
  • surface processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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