Influence of Antipodally Coupled Iodine and Carbon Atoms on the Cage Structure of 9,12-I2-closo-1,2-C2B10H10: An Electron Diffraction and Computational Study

Yury V. Vishnevskiy, Denis S. Tikhonov, Christian G. Reuter, Norbert W. Mitzel, Drahomir Hnyk, Josef Holub, Derek A. Wann, Paul D. Lane, Raphael J. F. Berger, Stuart A. Hayes

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Abstract

Because of the comparable electron scattering abilities of carbon and boron, the electron diffraction structure of the C-2v-syrnmetric molecule closo-1,2-C2B10H12 (1), one of the building blocks of boron cluster chemistry, is not as accurate as it could be. On that basis, we have prepared the known diiodo derivative of 1, 9,12-I-2-closo-1,2-C2B10H10 (2), which has the same point-group symmetry as 1:but in which the presence of iodine atoms, with their much stronger ability to scatter electrons, ensures much better structural characterization of the C2B10 icosahedral core. Fur-them-lore, the influence on the C2B10 geometry in 2 of the antipodally positioned iodine substituents with respect to both carbon atoms has been examined using the concerted application of gas electron diffraction and quantum chemical calculations at the MP 2 and density functional theory (DFT) levels. The experimental and computed molecular geometries are in good overall agreement. Molecular dynamics simulations used to obtain vibrational parameters, which are needed for analyzing the electron diffraction data, have been performed for the first time for this class of compound. According to DFT calculations at the ZORA-SO/BP86 level, the B-11 chemical shifts of the boron atoms to which the iodine substituents are bonded are dominated by spin orbit coupling. Magnetically induced currents within 2 have been calculated and compared to those for [B12H12](2-)) the latter adopting a regular icosahedral structure with I-h point-group symmetry. Similar total current strengths are found but with a certain anisotropy, suggesting that spherical aromaticity is present; electron delocalization in the plane of the hetero atoms in 2 is slightly hindered compared to that for [B12H12](2-), presumably because of the departure from ideal icosahedral symmetry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11868-11874
Number of pages7
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume54
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Dec 2015

Keywords

  • REGULAR 2-COMPONENT HAMILTONIANS
  • NMR CHEMICAL-SHIFTS
  • MOLECULAR-STRUCTURES
  • CHOICE RULE
  • DYNAMICS
  • APPROXIMATION
  • HETEROBORANES
  • DERIVATIVES
  • CARBORANES
  • SPECTRA

Cite this

Vishnevskiy, Y. V., Tikhonov, D. S., Reuter, C. G., Mitzel, N. W., Hnyk, D., Holub, J., Wann, D. A., Lane, P. D., Berger, R. J. F., & Hayes, S. A. (2015). Influence of Antipodally Coupled Iodine and Carbon Atoms on the Cage Structure of 9,12-I2-closo-1,2-C2B10H10: An Electron Diffraction and Computational Study. Inorganic Chemistry, 54(24), 11868-11874. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.5b02102