In-vitro dynamic micro-probing and the mechanical properties of human prostate tissues

T. H J Yang, S. K W Leung, S. Phipps, R. L. Reuben, S. A. McNeill, F. K. Habib, A. Schnieder, R. Stevens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


In vitro macro- and micro-indentation test systems have been designed to measure the dynamic micro-mechanical properties of human prostate tissues at actuation frequencies between 5 Hz and 30 Hz, and 0.5 Hz and 20 Hz, respectively. The development of in vitro test systems was aimed at assessing the capacity of such an in vivo medical probe to provide information useful for the diagnosis of various prostate diseases. The macro-indentation test system is an established one, which we have used to determine structure-property relationships in human and canine prostate tissues and here we use it to validate a newly-developed micro-indentation test system using a tissue phantom. Mechanical testing was also carried out on sections of prostate tissue harvested from cystectomy and radical prostatectomy, diagnosed with bladder cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia. Dynamic probing under displacement control was earned at pre-strains between 5% and 8% for macro-probing and at 5% pre-strain for micro-probing, and the general effect of pre-strain on the dynamic mechanical properties (described by the amplitude ratio between stress and strain, and the phase lag between strain and stress) of phantom and prostate tissues is presented. Specific point probing on epithelial and stromal histological components was also carried out showing a significant difference between the amplitude ratios of epithelial and stromal components for actuation frequencies exceeding 5 Hz. However, no significant difference was found between phase lags for epithelial and stromal tissues. © 2006 - IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-296
Number of pages16
JournalTechnology and Health Care
Issue number4-5
Publication statusPublished - 2006


  • BPH
  • Dynamic modulus
  • Prostate
  • Soft tissue biomechanics


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