Quantum entanglement is a key resource that can be exploited for a range of applications such as quantum teleportation, quantum computation, and quantum cryptography. However, efforts to exploit entanglement in imaging systems have so far led to solutions such as ghost imaging, that have since found classical implementations. Here, we demonstrate an optical imaging protocol that relies uniquely on entanglement: Two polarizing patterns imprinted and superimposed on a metasurface are separately imaged only when using entangled photons. Unentangled light is not able to distinguish between the two patterns. Entangled single-photon imaging of functional metasurfaces promises advances towards the use of nanostructured subwavelength thin devices in quantum information protocols and a route to efficient quantum state tomography.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics