IEEE P7001: A Proposed Standard on Transparency

Alan F. T. Winfield, Serena Booth, Louise A. Dennis, Takashi Egawa, Helen Hastie, Naomi Jacobs, Roderick I. Muttram, Joanna I. Olszewska, Fahimeh Rajabiyazdi, Andreas Theodorou, Mark A. Underwood, Robert H. Wortham, Eleanor Watson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Citations (Scopus)
121 Downloads (Pure)


This paper describes IEEE P7001, a new draft standard on transparency of autonomous systems 1. In the paper, we outline the development and structure of the draft standard. We present the rationale for transparency as a measurable, testable property. We outline five stakeholder groups: users, the general public and bystanders, safety certification agencies, incident/accident investigators and lawyers/expert witnesses, and explain the thinking behind the normative definitions of “levels” of transparency for each stakeholder group in P7001. The paper illustrates the application of P7001 through worked examples of both specification and assessment of fictional autonomous systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number665729
JournalFrontiers in Robotics and AI
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jul 2021


  • AI ethics
  • autonomous systems
  • explainability
  • robot ethics
  • transparency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Artificial Intelligence


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