Identifying and analyzing residential water demand profile; including the impact of covid-19 and month of Ramadan, for selected developments in Dubai, United Arab Emirates

Syed Rizvi, Rabee Rustum, Malini Deepak, Grant Wright, Scott Arthur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Consumption of water is never constant throughout the day due to the daily routines of the consumer. This pattern of daily water consumption is called water demand profile. The initiative to create these profiles are to improve hydraulic performance and to build energy conservative strategies for designed networks in Dubai. Therefore, the aim is to develop and analyze a domestic consumption profile for selected developments with socio-demographic factors including weekday/weekend variation, population, income, fasting during the month of Ramadan, and the outbreak of Covid-19. Data from more than 7000 smart meters were collected while water meters of more than 350 residential flats were examined manually. Water demand profiles generated from the data showed weekdays have more predictable peaks (morning 6–8 am and evening 5–7 pm) than weekends. During Ramadan, peak hours shifted to 7–10 am followed by 3–4 pm during workdays while peaks for low income areas are higher due to stricter working routine. The Covid-19 crisis has led to significant rise in observed consumption, with over 30% increase during the month of Ramadan. The observed results, if compared with further end-use studies on more factors affecting demand profiles, can help in generating both cost and energy efficient networks.
Original languageEnglish
JournalWater Supply
Early online date16 Nov 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 16 Nov 2020

Keywords

  • water consumption
  • water demand profile
  • water distribution networks
  • water management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology

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