Entanglement in high-dimensional quantum systems, where one or more degrees of freedom of light are involved, offers increased information capacities and enables new quantum protocols. Here, we demonstrate a functional source of high-dimensional, noise-resilient hyperentangled states encoded in time-frequency and vector vortex structured modes, which in turn carry single-particle entanglement between polarization and orbital angular momentum. Pairing nonlinearity-engineered parametric downconversion in an interferometric scheme with spin-To-orbital-Angular-momentum conversion, we generate highly entangled photon pairs at telecom wavelength that we characterize via two-photon interference and quantum state tomography, achieving near-unity visibilities and fidelities. While hyperentanglement has been demonstrated before in photonic qubits, here we present a rich entanglement structure involving spectrally and spatially structured light, where three different forms of entanglement coexist in the same biphoton state.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)