This paper presents an in-plane hydrodynamically reconfigurable optofluidic microlens, which is formed by the laminar flow of two streams of a low-refractive-index fluid and two streams of a high-refractive-index fluid in the two microchannels connecting to an expansion chamber where the microlens finally forms. In the expansion chamber, the stream of high-refractive-index fluid, acting as core, is sandwiched by the two streams of low-refractive-index fluid, acting as cladding. The interfaces between the streams can be flexibly manipulated by controlling the flow rate ratio between the two fluids in real time. Thus, the biconvex and biconcave microlens with different curvatures can be formed. By adjusting the microlens, the light beam can be continuously manipulated from focusing to collimation and then to divergence. In the experiment, a wide focus tuning range from 2.75 (focusing) to - 1.21 mm (diverging) via collimation is achieved.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics