Human communities living in the central campania plain during eruptions of vesuvius and campi flegrei

Mauro A. Di Vito, Paola Aurino, Giuliana Boenzi, Elena Laforgia, Ilaria Rucco

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Abstract

Archaeological and volcanological studies have revealed that eruptions of Neapolitan volcanoes have conditioned human settlement patterns since prehistoric times. The occurrence of high intensity explosive eruptions, interspersed with long periods of quiescence, has characterized the last 10 ka of activity of these volcanoes. Geoarchaeological studies, carried out in advance of investigations for the construction of the Rome-Naples and the new Naples-Bari railway lines, have made possible a detailed reconstruction of human presence in the central part of the Campania Plain up to the coastal strip, between the late Neolithic and the late Bronze Age. The examined chronological interval includes sequences of pyroclastic deposits erupted by both Campi Flegrei and Somma-Vesuvius, and paleosols with evidence of anthropic frequentation. Altogether, the geoarchaeological data have provided a detailed picture of human settlement and activities through time with a particular focus on a long period of quiescence of the two volcanoes and also during their intense activity.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberVO546
JournalAnnals of Geophysics
Volume64
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Archaeology
  • Campania Plain
  • Neapolitan Volcanoes
  • Volcanology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics

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