Homogenization of biomechanical models of plant tissues with randomly distributed cells

Andrey Piatnitski, Mariya Ptashnyk

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Abstract

In this paper homogenization of a mathematical model for biomechanics of a plant tissue with randomly distributed cells is considered. Mechanical properties of a plant tissue are modelled by a strongly coupled system of reaction-diffusion-convection equations for chemical processes in plant cells and cell walls, the equations of poroelasticity for elastic deformations of plant cell walls and middle lamella, and the Stokes equations for fluid flow inside the cells. The nonlinear coupling between the mechanics and chemistry is given by the dependence of elastic properties of plant tissue on densities of chemical substances as well as by the dependence of chemical reactions on mechanical stresses present in a tissue. Using techniques of stochastic homogenization we derive rigorously macroscopic model for plant tissue biomechanics with random distribution of cells. Strong stochastic two-scale convergence is shown to pass to the limit in the non-linear reaction terms. Appropriate meaning of the boundary terms is introduced to define the macroscopic equations with flux boundary conditions and transmission conditions on the microscopic scale.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5510-5542
Number of pages33
JournalNonlinearity
Volume33
Issue number10
Early online date15 Sep 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020

Keywords

  • Biomechanics of plant tissues
  • Poroelasticity
  • Stochastic homogenization
  • Stochastic two-scale convergence
  • Stokes system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Applied Mathematics

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