High-quality, high throughput engraving using 100 W nanosecond pulsed laser

Stephen Dondieu, Krystian Lukasz Wlodarczyk, Paul Harrison, Adam Rosowski, Jack Gabzdyl, Robert Lewis Reuben, Duncan Paul Hand

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


Laser engraving has become an essential manufacturing route to generate permanently inscribed structures on the surface of various materials. Engraving has wide-ranging application in the automotive, aerospace, and electronic industries, where they are used for product identification and traceability.
Using lower average power nanosecond pulsed lasers (<50 W) to achieve high-quality engraving is an established technique. However, as with any manufacturing process, high throughput is a key requirement which demands
the use of higher average power lasers (>50 W). Nonetheless, the increase in throughput does not always lead to high process quality, owing to laser-induced thermal accumulation in the workpiece. There is, therefore, a demand for optimised process parameters and scanning strategies which alleviate thermal load whilst providing high productivity at high quality during high average power engraving.
In this presentation, we investigate the influence of different process parameters such as pulse duration, energy dose, and pulse repetition frequency on the material removal rate, surface roughness and morphology using a pulse tunable 100 W nanosecond fibre laser. Also, building on our previous work on laser machining of glass [1,2] and stainless steel [3] using an interlacing method of scanning, we provide a finite element thermal model to examine the impact of different laser beam scanning strategies. Ultimately, we demonstrate that the
interlacing mode of scanning alleviates thermal accumulation. In addition, high-quality engraving is achievable with high average power nanosecond lasers, using optimised laser beam scanning strategies and process parameters.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021
Event7th Industrial Laser Applications Symposium 2021 - Online
Duration: 24 Mar 202125 Mar 2021
Conference number: 7


Conference7th Industrial Laser Applications Symposium 2021
Abbreviated titleILAS 2021
Internet address


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