High-Performance Doped Silver Films: Overcoming Fundamental Material Limits for Nanophotonic Applications

Cheng Zhang, Nathaniel Kinsey, Long Chen, Chengang Ji, Mingjie Xu, Marcello Ferrera, Xiaoqing Pan, Vladimir M. Shalaev, Alexandra Boltasseva, L. Jay Guo

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102 Citations (Scopus)
136 Downloads (Pure)


The eld of nanophotonics has ushered in a new paradigm of light manipula- tion by enabling deep subdiffraction con nement assisted by metallic nano- structures. However, a key limitation which has stunted a full development of high-performance nanophotonic devices is the typical large losses associated with the constituent metals. Although silver has long been known as the highest quality plasmonic material for visible and near infrared applications, its usage has been limited due to practical issues of continuous thin lm formation, stability, adhesion, and surface roughness. Recently, a solution is proposed to the above issues by doping a proper amount of aluminum during silver deposition. In this work, the potential of doped silver for nanophotonic applications is presented by demonstrating several high-performance key nanophotonic devices. First, long-range surface plasmon polariton wave- guides show propagation distances of a few centimeters. Second, hyperbolic metamaterials consisting of ultrathin Al-doped Ag lms are attained having a homogeneous and low-loss response, and supporting a broad range of high-k modes. Finally, transparent conductors based on Al-doped Ag possess both a high and at transmittance over the visible and near-IR range.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1605177
Number of pages10
JournalAdvanced Materials
Issue number19
Early online date20 Mar 2017
Publication statusPublished - 17 May 2017


  • Novel materials
  • plasmonics
  • nanophotonics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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