High dynamic velocity range particle image velocimetry using multiple pulse separation imaging

Tim Persoons, Tadhg S. O'Donovan

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34 Citations (Scopus)
71 Downloads (Pure)


The dynamic velocity range of particle image velocimetry (PIV) is determined by the maximum and minimum resolvable particle displacement. Various techniques have extended the dynamic range, however flows with a wide velocity range (e.g., impinging jets) still challenge PIV algorithms. A new technique is presented to increase the dynamic velocity range by over an order of magnitude. The multiple pulse separation (MPS) technique (i) records series of double-frame exposures with different pulse separations, (ii) processes the fields using conventional multi-grid algorithms, and (iii) yields a composite velocity field with a locally optimized pulse separation. A robust criterion determines the local optimum pulse separation, accounting for correlation strength and measurement uncertainty. Validation experiments are performed in an impinging jet flow, using laser-Doppler velocimetry as reference measurement. The precision of mean flow and turbulence quantities is significantly improved compared to conventional PIV, due to the increase in dynamic range. In a wide range of applications, MPS PIV is a robust approach to increase the dynamic velocity range without restricting the vector evaluation methods. © 2010 by the authors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2011


  • High dynamic range
  • Impinging jet flow
  • Laser-doppler velocimetry
  • PIV
  • Uncertainty analysis
  • Velocity measurements


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