Hierarchical benchmark case study for history matching, uncertainty quantification and reservoir characterisation

Daniel Arnold, Vasily Demyanov, Dominic Tatum, Michael Andrew Christie, Temistocles Simon Rojas, Sebastian Geiger, Patrick William Michael Corbett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Benchmark problems have been generated to test a number of issues related to predicting reservoir behaviour (e.g. [Floris et al., 2001], [Christie and Blunt, 2001] and [Peters et al., 2010]). However, such cases are usually focused on a particular aspect of the reservoir model (e.g. upscaling, property distribution, history matching, uncertainty prediction, etc.) and the other decisions in constructing the model are fixed by log values that are related to the distribution of cell properties away from the wells, fixed grids and structural features and fixed fluid properties. This is because all these features require an element of interpretation, from indirect measurements of the reservoir, noisy and incomplete data and judgments based on domain knowledge.

Therefore, there is a need for a case study that would consider interpretational uncertainty integrated throughout the reservoir modelling workflow. In this benchmark study we require the modeller to make interpretational choices as well as to select the techniques applied to the case study, namely the geomodelling approach, history matching algorithm and/or uncertainty quantification technique. The interpretational choices will be around the following areas:

(1)

Top structure interpretation from seismic and well picks.
(2)

Fault location, dimensions and the connectivity of the network uncertainty.
(3)

Facies modelling approach.
(4)

Facies interpretations from well logs cutoffs.
(5)

Petrophysical property prediction from the available well data.
(6)

Grid resolution-choice between number of iterations and model resolution to capture the reservoir features adequately.

A semi-synthetic study is based on real field data provided: production data, seismic sections to interpret the faults and top structures, wireline logs to identify facies correlations and saturation profile and porosity and permeability data and a host of other data. To make this problem useable in a manageable time period multiple hierarchically related gridded models were produced for a range of different interpretational choices.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4-15
Number of pages12
JournalComputers and Geosciences
Volume50
Early online date26 Sep 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2013

Keywords

  • Uncertainty quantification; History matching; Risk; Geomodelling; Geostatistics
  • Benchmark

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