Herbal Pretreatment of Natural Fabrics for Digital Printing with Ecological Inks

Alka Thakker, Danmei Sun

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Solvents and humectants are utilized in vast amounts in the textile digital print industry. This poses dire consequences to the environment and human health. The instigated study experimented with eco-friendly pre-treatment to prepare wool and cotton fabrics for digital printing with herbal inks. A factorial experiment was designed to study the quality of printing affected by various factors (variables). The one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to determine whether there were any significant differences among the variables. Contradictory to the hypothesis the herbal pre-treatment with guar gum was deducted to be more substantial than guar gum-glycerol pre-treatment for both wool and cotton fabrics on digital printing with herbal inks. The commercially pre-treated fabric was implemented as a reference. The ANOVA one-way test reported a p-value of 0.014 indicating the effect of pre-treatment on the color values gained as statistically significant. Also, the Standard Deviation of 1.12 was manifested with Herbal pre-treated fabrics and an SD of 1.02 was noted with Commercial pre-treated fabrics, implying that the estimated data is trustworthy. Before herbal pre-treatment, the plasma surface modification is recommended for future work as it would impel the subsequent herbal pre-treatment & resultant fabric properties required for digital printing.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15851-15862
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Natural Fibers
Issue number17
Early online date8 Sept 2022
Publication statusPublished - 2 Dec 2022


  • Plant-Based biomaterials
  • cotton
  • digital printing
  • herbal ink
  • herbal pre-treatment
  • wool

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)


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