Healthy ageing, perceived motor-efficacy, and performance on cognitively demanding action tasks

Lauren M. Potter, Madeleine A. Grealy, Rory C. O'Connor

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Current measures assessing older adults' functional ability detect existing limitations on essential tasks rather than changes in other aspects of functioning that could indicate future limitations. The perceived motor-efficacy scale was developed to measure capability beliefs of healthy older adults across a range of daily action tasks. Subscales were developed through interviews with older volunteers and academics, then administered to participants aged 60-96 (N = 300). Factor analysis of subscale scores produced 10 subscales. These demonstrated strong internal reliability, which was replicated with a second sample aged 60-92 (N = 167). The influence of perceived motor-efficacy on performance of cognitively demanding action tasks was investigated with a third sample aged 60-88 (N = 134). On a task assessing the inhibition of an inappropriate action, older adults in their 80s with high confidence produced minor errors, whereas those with lower confidence produced extreme errors. On another task assessing the ability to inhibit a previously learnt action, those with high levels of perceived motor-efficacy performed better amongst those least able to inhibit, but more poorly among those most able. Perceived motor-efficacy may therefore be useful in identifying older adults at risk of functional limitations and enabling interventions before the onset of illness. Copright © The British Psychologicl Society.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)49-70
    Number of pages22
    JournalBritish Journal of Psychology
    Volume100
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Feb 2009

    Fingerprint

    Statistical Factor Analysis
    Volunteers
    Interviews
    factor analysis

    Cite this

    Potter, Lauren M.; Grealy, Madeleine A.; O'Connor, Rory C. / Healthy ageing, perceived motor-efficacy, and performance on cognitively demanding action tasks.

    In: British Journal of Psychology, Vol. 100, No. 1, 02.2009, p. 49-70.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    @article{3b38ffa605d14069ae7fecf086f32346,
    title = "Healthy ageing, perceived motor-efficacy, and performance on cognitively demanding action tasks",
    abstract = "Current measures assessing older adults' functional ability detect existing limitations on essential tasks rather than changes in other aspects of functioning that could indicate future limitations. The perceived motor-efficacy scale was developed to measure capability beliefs of healthy older adults across a range of daily action tasks. Subscales were developed through interviews with older volunteers and academics, then administered to participants aged 60-96 (N = 300). Factor analysis of subscale scores produced 10 subscales. These demonstrated strong internal reliability, which was replicated with a second sample aged 60-92 (N = 167). The influence of perceived motor-efficacy on performance of cognitively demanding action tasks was investigated with a third sample aged 60-88 (N = 134). On a task assessing the inhibition of an inappropriate action, older adults in their 80s with high confidence produced minor errors, whereas those with lower confidence produced extreme errors. On another task assessing the ability to inhibit a previously learnt action, those with high levels of perceived motor-efficacy performed better amongst those least able to inhibit, but more poorly among those most able. Perceived motor-efficacy may therefore be useful in identifying older adults at risk of functional limitations and enabling interventions before the onset of illness. Copright © The British Psychologicl Society.",
    author = "Potter, {Lauren M.} and Grealy, {Madeleine A.} and O'Connor, {Rory C.}",
    year = "2009",
    month = "2",
    doi = "10.1348/000712608X304478",
    volume = "100",
    pages = "49--70",
    journal = "British Journal of Psychology",
    issn = "0007-1269",
    publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
    number = "1",

    }

    Healthy ageing, perceived motor-efficacy, and performance on cognitively demanding action tasks. / Potter, Lauren M.; Grealy, Madeleine A.; O'Connor, Rory C.

    In: British Journal of Psychology, Vol. 100, No. 1, 02.2009, p. 49-70.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Healthy ageing, perceived motor-efficacy, and performance on cognitively demanding action tasks

    AU - Potter,Lauren M.

    AU - Grealy,Madeleine A.

    AU - O'Connor,Rory C.

    PY - 2009/2

    Y1 - 2009/2

    N2 - Current measures assessing older adults' functional ability detect existing limitations on essential tasks rather than changes in other aspects of functioning that could indicate future limitations. The perceived motor-efficacy scale was developed to measure capability beliefs of healthy older adults across a range of daily action tasks. Subscales were developed through interviews with older volunteers and academics, then administered to participants aged 60-96 (N = 300). Factor analysis of subscale scores produced 10 subscales. These demonstrated strong internal reliability, which was replicated with a second sample aged 60-92 (N = 167). The influence of perceived motor-efficacy on performance of cognitively demanding action tasks was investigated with a third sample aged 60-88 (N = 134). On a task assessing the inhibition of an inappropriate action, older adults in their 80s with high confidence produced minor errors, whereas those with lower confidence produced extreme errors. On another task assessing the ability to inhibit a previously learnt action, those with high levels of perceived motor-efficacy performed better amongst those least able to inhibit, but more poorly among those most able. Perceived motor-efficacy may therefore be useful in identifying older adults at risk of functional limitations and enabling interventions before the onset of illness. Copright © The British Psychologicl Society.

    AB - Current measures assessing older adults' functional ability detect existing limitations on essential tasks rather than changes in other aspects of functioning that could indicate future limitations. The perceived motor-efficacy scale was developed to measure capability beliefs of healthy older adults across a range of daily action tasks. Subscales were developed through interviews with older volunteers and academics, then administered to participants aged 60-96 (N = 300). Factor analysis of subscale scores produced 10 subscales. These demonstrated strong internal reliability, which was replicated with a second sample aged 60-92 (N = 167). The influence of perceived motor-efficacy on performance of cognitively demanding action tasks was investigated with a third sample aged 60-88 (N = 134). On a task assessing the inhibition of an inappropriate action, older adults in their 80s with high confidence produced minor errors, whereas those with lower confidence produced extreme errors. On another task assessing the ability to inhibit a previously learnt action, those with high levels of perceived motor-efficacy performed better amongst those least able to inhibit, but more poorly among those most able. Perceived motor-efficacy may therefore be useful in identifying older adults at risk of functional limitations and enabling interventions before the onset of illness. Copright © The British Psychologicl Society.

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=61449149404&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1348/000712608X304478

    DO - 10.1348/000712608X304478

    M3 - Article

    VL - 100

    SP - 49

    EP - 70

    JO - British Journal of Psychology

    T2 - British Journal of Psychology

    JF - British Journal of Psychology

    SN - 0007-1269

    IS - 1

    ER -