Growth of carbon fibres, sheets and tubes on diamond films under high power plasma etching conditions

I. Villalpando, Phillip John, John Ivor Barrett Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)
32 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The application of diamond as a plasma facing material for fusion reactors can be limited by unknown reactions between diamond and the chamber materials transported by the plasma. Transformation of diamond to other structures can cause problems such as contamination of the plasma with loose particles or retention of gases. We have seen that diamond thin films are eroded under hydrogen plasma etching, but if silicon is present the growth of various carbon structures on diamond films is observed. We have produced carbon with different morphologies on diamond films including fibres, sheets with flower-like shapes and tubes and proposed growth mechanisms based on the results of Scanning Electron Microscopy, X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy and Raman Spectroscopy. Sample surfaces contain silicon and are oxidised having COO and CO groups as seen by XPS analysis. Raman analyses revealed a spectrum typical for graphite combined with that from diamond that remains on the surface after hydrogen bombardment. The results of this study show the experimental conditions in which carbon fibres, sheets and tubes are produced under high-power hydrogen etching of diamond films and open the possibility to other applications such as catalysts, sensors and the production of electrodes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-161
Number of pages7
JournalRevista Mexicana de Fisica
Volume63
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Carbon fibres
  • Carbon sheets
  • Chemical vapour deposition
  • Diamond
  • Scanning electron microscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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