An immunosensor capable of high sensitivity detection of beta-amyloid peptides, shown to be a reliable biomarker for Alzheimer's disease, has been developed using screen printed graphene electrodes (SPGEs) modified with ultra-thin layers of polymerised 1,5-diaminonaphthalene (pDAN). Electropolymerization of 1,5-diaminonaphthalene (DAN) was performed to coat the graphene screen printed electrodes in a continuous polymer layer with controlled thickness. The surface characteristics of pristine graphene and polymer modified graphene electrodes were examined using Raman and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The effects of polymer thickness on the electron transfer rates were investigated. An immunosensor for selective detection of beta amyloid peptides Aβ(1-42) was developed via biofunctionalization of the pDAN modified SPGE with the anti-beta amyloid antibody used as the peptide bioreceptor. The immunosensor has been used for specific detection of Aβ(1-42) with a linear range of 1 pg mL-1 to 1000 pg mL-1 and showed 1.4 pg mL-1 and 4.25 pg mL-1 detection and quantification limit, respectively. The biosensor was further validated for the analysis of spiked human plasma. The immunosensor enables rapid, accurate, precise, reproducible and highly sensitive detection of Aβ(1-42) using a low-cost SPGE platform, which opens the possibilities for diagnostic ex vivo applications and research-based real time studies.
|Number of pages||10|
|Early online date||20 Feb 2021|
|Publication status||Published - 21 Apr 2021|