Grapheme-phoneme probabilities in British English

P. F D Gontijo, I. Gontijo, R. Shillcock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)


A computational analysis of a large British English database was performed and frequencies of occurrence of grapheme-phoneme correspondences were obtained. A computer program was implemented, which used these frequencies to predict the probabilities of all possible pronunciations of any given string of graphemes. These results led to a proposal for a quantitative method of measurement of the orthographic depth of different languages.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)136-157
Number of pages22
JournalBehavior Research Methods, Instruments, and Computers
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2003

Cite this

Gontijo, P. F. D., Gontijo, I., & Shillcock, R. (2003). Grapheme-phoneme probabilities in British English. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, and Computers, 35(1), 136-157.