Grapheme-phoneme probabilities in British English

P. F D Gontijo, I. Gontijo, R. Shillcock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)


A computational analysis of a large British English database was performed and frequencies of occurrence of grapheme-phoneme correspondences were obtained. A computer program was implemented, which used these frequencies to predict the probabilities of all possible pronunciations of any given string of graphemes. These results led to a proposal for a quantitative method of measurement of the orthographic depth of different languages.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)136-157
Number of pages22
JournalBehavior Research Methods, Instruments, and Computers
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2003


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