Granular temperature in a liquid fluidized bed as revealed by diffusing wave spectroscopy

V. Zivkovic, M. J. Biggs, D. Glass, P. Pagliai, A. Buts

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11 Citations (Scopus)


We report granular temperature and solid fraction fields for a thin rectangular bed (20×200 mm cross-section and 500 mm high) of glass particles (mean diameter of 165 μm and density of 2500 kg/m3) fluidized by water for superficial velocities ranging from 0.05Ut, which is approximately double the minimum fluidization velocity, to 0.49Ut, where Ut is the particle terminal velocity estimated by fitting the Richardson-Zaki correlation to the bed expansion data. At superficial velocities below 0.336Ut, the solid fraction and granular temperature are uniform throughout the bed. At higher superficial velocities, the solid fraction tends to decrease with height above the distributor, whilst the granular temperature first increases to a maximum before decaying towards the top of the bed. Correlation of the mean granular temperature with the mean solid fraction and the local granular temperature with the local solid fraction both suggest that the granular temperature in the liquid fluidized bed can be described solely in terms of the solid fraction. The granular temperature increases monotonically with solid fraction to a maximum at φ≈0.18 where it then decreases monotonically as φ approaches the close-packed limit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1102-1110
Number of pages9
JournalChemical Engineering Science
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2009


  • Diffusing wave spectroscopy
  • Fluidization
  • Granular temperature
  • Liquid fluidized bed
  • Solid fraction
  • Velocity fluctuations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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