Granular pressure in a liquid-fluidized bed as revealed by diffusing wave spectroscopy

V. Zivkovic*, M. J. Biggs, D. Glass

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The granular pressure and granular temperature underpin various models of granular flows while they are playing an increasing role in modeling of other phenomena in granular systems such as heat transfer, segregation, erosion, attrition, and aggregation. The development and validation of these theories demand experimental determination of these two quantities. Diffusing wave spectroscopy (DWS) is now an accepted technique for measurement of granular temperature in dense granular systems. Using granular temperature data obtained from DWS with the kinetic theory of granular flow, we have derived the granular pressure data for a liquid-fluidized bed. The determined variation of the mean bed granular pressure with mean bed solid volume fraction compares favorably with previously published experimental data and theoretical models of others. Where discrepancies do occur, they may be attributed to differences in particle inertia, suggesting further work on granular pressure models is required. Finally, we report the variation of the granular pressure with height above the distributor for several mean solids volume fractions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1069-1075
Number of pages7
JournalAIChE Journal
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2012


  • Diffusing wave spectroscopy
  • Fluidization
  • Granular materials
  • Granular pressure
  • Multiphase flow
  • Particle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering(all)


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