Geoscience and decarbonization: Current status and future directions

Michael H. Stephenson, Philip Ringrose, Sebastian Geiger, Michael Bridden, David Schofield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

At the 2015 United Nations International Climate Change Conference in Paris (COP21), 197 national parties committed to limit global warming to well below 2°C. But current plans and pace of progress are still far from sufficient to achieve this objective. Here we review the role that geoscience and the subsurface could play in decarbonizing electricity production, industry, transport and heating to meet UK and international climate change targets, based on contributions to the 2019 Bryan Lovell meeting held at the Geological Society of London. Technologies discussed at the meeting involved decarbonization of electricity production via renewable sources of power generation, substitution of domestic heating using geothermal energy, use of carbon capture and storage (CCS), and more ambitious technologies such as bioenergy and carbon capture and storage (BECCS) that target negative emissions. It was noted also that growth in renewable energy supply will lead to increased demand for geological materials to sustain the electrification of the vehicle fleet and other low-carbon technologies. The overall conclusion reached at the 2019 Bryan Lovell meeting was that geoscience is critical to decarbonization, but that the geoscience community must influence decision-makers so that the value of the subsurface to decarbonization is understood.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)501-508
Number of pages8
JournalPetroleum Geoscience
Volume25
Issue number4
Early online date22 Aug 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019

Fingerprint

Decarbonization
Carbon capture
Climate change
carbon
electricity
Electricity
heating
Heating
Geothermal energy
electrification
climate change
geothermal energy
bioenergy
Global warming
United Nations
energy use
power generation
Power generation
global warming
substitution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Fuel Technology
  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Economic Geology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Stephenson, Michael H. ; Ringrose, Philip ; Geiger, Sebastian ; Bridden, Michael ; Schofield, David. / Geoscience and decarbonization : Current status and future directions. In: Petroleum Geoscience. 2019 ; Vol. 25, No. 4. pp. 501-508.
@article{282a010717be4dff93b004e0c9a69f24,
title = "Geoscience and decarbonization: Current status and future directions",
abstract = "At the 2015 United Nations International Climate Change Conference in Paris (COP21), 197 national parties committed to limit global warming to well below 2°C. But current plans and pace of progress are still far from sufficient to achieve this objective. Here we review the role that geoscience and the subsurface could play in decarbonizing electricity production, industry, transport and heating to meet UK and international climate change targets, based on contributions to the 2019 Bryan Lovell meeting held at the Geological Society of London. Technologies discussed at the meeting involved decarbonization of electricity production via renewable sources of power generation, substitution of domestic heating using geothermal energy, use of carbon capture and storage (CCS), and more ambitious technologies such as bioenergy and carbon capture and storage (BECCS) that target negative emissions. It was noted also that growth in renewable energy supply will lead to increased demand for geological materials to sustain the electrification of the vehicle fleet and other low-carbon technologies. The overall conclusion reached at the 2019 Bryan Lovell meeting was that geoscience is critical to decarbonization, but that the geoscience community must influence decision-makers so that the value of the subsurface to decarbonization is understood.",
author = "Stephenson, {Michael H.} and Philip Ringrose and Sebastian Geiger and Michael Bridden and David Schofield",
year = "2019",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1144/petgeo2019-084",
language = "English",
volume = "25",
pages = "501--508",
journal = "Petroleum Geoscience",
issn = "1354-0793",
publisher = "Geological Society of London",
number = "4",

}

Stephenson, MH, Ringrose, P, Geiger, S, Bridden, M & Schofield, D 2019, 'Geoscience and decarbonization: Current status and future directions', Petroleum Geoscience, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 501-508. https://doi.org/10.1144/petgeo2019-084

Geoscience and decarbonization : Current status and future directions. / Stephenson, Michael H.; Ringrose, Philip; Geiger, Sebastian; Bridden, Michael; Schofield, David.

In: Petroleum Geoscience, Vol. 25, No. 4, 11.2019, p. 501-508.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Geoscience and decarbonization

T2 - Current status and future directions

AU - Stephenson, Michael H.

AU - Ringrose, Philip

AU - Geiger, Sebastian

AU - Bridden, Michael

AU - Schofield, David

PY - 2019/11

Y1 - 2019/11

N2 - At the 2015 United Nations International Climate Change Conference in Paris (COP21), 197 national parties committed to limit global warming to well below 2°C. But current plans and pace of progress are still far from sufficient to achieve this objective. Here we review the role that geoscience and the subsurface could play in decarbonizing electricity production, industry, transport and heating to meet UK and international climate change targets, based on contributions to the 2019 Bryan Lovell meeting held at the Geological Society of London. Technologies discussed at the meeting involved decarbonization of electricity production via renewable sources of power generation, substitution of domestic heating using geothermal energy, use of carbon capture and storage (CCS), and more ambitious technologies such as bioenergy and carbon capture and storage (BECCS) that target negative emissions. It was noted also that growth in renewable energy supply will lead to increased demand for geological materials to sustain the electrification of the vehicle fleet and other low-carbon technologies. The overall conclusion reached at the 2019 Bryan Lovell meeting was that geoscience is critical to decarbonization, but that the geoscience community must influence decision-makers so that the value of the subsurface to decarbonization is understood.

AB - At the 2015 United Nations International Climate Change Conference in Paris (COP21), 197 national parties committed to limit global warming to well below 2°C. But current plans and pace of progress are still far from sufficient to achieve this objective. Here we review the role that geoscience and the subsurface could play in decarbonizing electricity production, industry, transport and heating to meet UK and international climate change targets, based on contributions to the 2019 Bryan Lovell meeting held at the Geological Society of London. Technologies discussed at the meeting involved decarbonization of electricity production via renewable sources of power generation, substitution of domestic heating using geothermal energy, use of carbon capture and storage (CCS), and more ambitious technologies such as bioenergy and carbon capture and storage (BECCS) that target negative emissions. It was noted also that growth in renewable energy supply will lead to increased demand for geological materials to sustain the electrification of the vehicle fleet and other low-carbon technologies. The overall conclusion reached at the 2019 Bryan Lovell meeting was that geoscience is critical to decarbonization, but that the geoscience community must influence decision-makers so that the value of the subsurface to decarbonization is understood.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85074583084&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1144/petgeo2019-084

DO - 10.1144/petgeo2019-084

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85074583084

VL - 25

SP - 501

EP - 508

JO - Petroleum Geoscience

JF - Petroleum Geoscience

SN - 1354-0793

IS - 4

ER -