Genome-Wide Mapping Defines a Role for C/EBPβ and c-Jun in Non-Canonical Cyclic AMP Signalling

Jolanta Wiejak, Boy van Basten, Graham Hamilton, Stephen J. Yarwood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The novel exchange protein activated by cyclic AMP (EPAC1) activator, I942, induces expression of the suppressor of cytokine signalling 3 (SOCS3) gene, thereby inhibiting interleukin 6 (IL6) inflammatory processes in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Here we use RNA-SEQ and ChIP-SEQ to determine global gene responses to I942, in comparison with cyclic AMP production promoted by forskolin and rolipram (F/R). We found that I942 promoted significant changes in the RNA expression of 1413 genes, largely associated with microtubule stability and cell cycle progression, whereas F/R regulated 197 genes linked to endothelial cell function, including chemokine production and platelet aggregation. A further 108 genes were regulated by both treatments, including endothelial regulatory genes involved in purinergic signalling and cell junction organization. ChIP-SEQ demonstrated that F/R induced genome-wide recruitment of C/EBPβ and c-Jun transcription factors, whereas I942 promoted recruitment of c-Jun to genes associated with IL6 signalling, with little effect on C/EBPβ activation. Despite this, certain key inflammatory genes, including IL6, VEGF, CCL2/MCP1, VCAM1, SELE and ICAM1 were regulated by I942 without significant c-Jun recruitment, suggesting an additional, indirect mode of action for I942. In this regard, SOCS3 induction by I942 was found to require c-Jun and was associated with suppression of IL6-promoted ERK MAP kinase and AKT activity and induction of ICAM1. Pharmacological inhibition of ERK and AKT also potentiated ICAM1 induction by I942. We therefore propose that c-Jun activation by I942 regulates endothelial gene expression in HUVECs through direct mechanisms, involving recruitment of c-Jun or, as for ICAM1, through indirect regulation of tertiary regulators, including SOCS3.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1253
JournalCells
Volume8
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Oct 2019

Fingerprint

Chromosome Mapping
Cyclic AMP
Rolipram
Interleukin-6
Colforsin
Genes
Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells
Cytokines
jun Genes
RNA
Gene Expression
Intercellular Junctions
Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases
Regulator Genes
Platelet Aggregation
Chemokines
Microtubules
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
Cell Cycle
Transcription Factors

Cite this

Wiejak, Jolanta ; van Basten, Boy ; Hamilton, Graham ; Yarwood, Stephen J. / Genome-Wide Mapping Defines a Role for C/EBPβ and c-Jun in Non-Canonical Cyclic AMP Signalling. In: Cells. 2019 ; Vol. 8, No. 10.
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abstract = "The novel exchange protein activated by cyclic AMP (EPAC1) activator, I942, induces expression of the suppressor of cytokine signalling 3 (SOCS3) gene, thereby inhibiting interleukin 6 (IL6) inflammatory processes in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Here we use RNA-SEQ and ChIP-SEQ to determine global gene responses to I942, in comparison with cyclic AMP production promoted by forskolin and rolipram (F/R). We found that I942 promoted significant changes in the RNA expression of 1413 genes, largely associated with microtubule stability and cell cycle progression, whereas F/R regulated 197 genes linked to endothelial cell function, including chemokine production and platelet aggregation. A further 108 genes were regulated by both treatments, including endothelial regulatory genes involved in purinergic signalling and cell junction organization. ChIP-SEQ demonstrated that F/R induced genome-wide recruitment of C/EBPβ and c-Jun transcription factors, whereas I942 promoted recruitment of c-Jun to genes associated with IL6 signalling, with little effect on C/EBPβ activation. Despite this, certain key inflammatory genes, including IL6, VEGF, CCL2/MCP1, VCAM1, SELE and ICAM1 were regulated by I942 without significant c-Jun recruitment, suggesting an additional, indirect mode of action for I942. In this regard, SOCS3 induction by I942 was found to require c-Jun and was associated with suppression of IL6-promoted ERK MAP kinase and AKT activity and induction of ICAM1. Pharmacological inhibition of ERK and AKT also potentiated ICAM1 induction by I942. We therefore propose that c-Jun activation by I942 regulates endothelial gene expression in HUVECs through direct mechanisms, involving recruitment of c-Jun or, as for ICAM1, through indirect regulation of tertiary regulators, including SOCS3.",
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Genome-Wide Mapping Defines a Role for C/EBPβ and c-Jun in Non-Canonical Cyclic AMP Signalling. / Wiejak, Jolanta; van Basten, Boy; Hamilton, Graham; Yarwood, Stephen J.

In: Cells, Vol. 8, No. 10, 1253, 14.10.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Wiejak, Jolanta

AU - van Basten, Boy

AU - Hamilton, Graham

AU - Yarwood, Stephen J.

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N2 - The novel exchange protein activated by cyclic AMP (EPAC1) activator, I942, induces expression of the suppressor of cytokine signalling 3 (SOCS3) gene, thereby inhibiting interleukin 6 (IL6) inflammatory processes in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Here we use RNA-SEQ and ChIP-SEQ to determine global gene responses to I942, in comparison with cyclic AMP production promoted by forskolin and rolipram (F/R). We found that I942 promoted significant changes in the RNA expression of 1413 genes, largely associated with microtubule stability and cell cycle progression, whereas F/R regulated 197 genes linked to endothelial cell function, including chemokine production and platelet aggregation. A further 108 genes were regulated by both treatments, including endothelial regulatory genes involved in purinergic signalling and cell junction organization. ChIP-SEQ demonstrated that F/R induced genome-wide recruitment of C/EBPβ and c-Jun transcription factors, whereas I942 promoted recruitment of c-Jun to genes associated with IL6 signalling, with little effect on C/EBPβ activation. Despite this, certain key inflammatory genes, including IL6, VEGF, CCL2/MCP1, VCAM1, SELE and ICAM1 were regulated by I942 without significant c-Jun recruitment, suggesting an additional, indirect mode of action for I942. In this regard, SOCS3 induction by I942 was found to require c-Jun and was associated with suppression of IL6-promoted ERK MAP kinase and AKT activity and induction of ICAM1. Pharmacological inhibition of ERK and AKT also potentiated ICAM1 induction by I942. We therefore propose that c-Jun activation by I942 regulates endothelial gene expression in HUVECs through direct mechanisms, involving recruitment of c-Jun or, as for ICAM1, through indirect regulation of tertiary regulators, including SOCS3.

AB - The novel exchange protein activated by cyclic AMP (EPAC1) activator, I942, induces expression of the suppressor of cytokine signalling 3 (SOCS3) gene, thereby inhibiting interleukin 6 (IL6) inflammatory processes in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Here we use RNA-SEQ and ChIP-SEQ to determine global gene responses to I942, in comparison with cyclic AMP production promoted by forskolin and rolipram (F/R). We found that I942 promoted significant changes in the RNA expression of 1413 genes, largely associated with microtubule stability and cell cycle progression, whereas F/R regulated 197 genes linked to endothelial cell function, including chemokine production and platelet aggregation. A further 108 genes were regulated by both treatments, including endothelial regulatory genes involved in purinergic signalling and cell junction organization. ChIP-SEQ demonstrated that F/R induced genome-wide recruitment of C/EBPβ and c-Jun transcription factors, whereas I942 promoted recruitment of c-Jun to genes associated with IL6 signalling, with little effect on C/EBPβ activation. Despite this, certain key inflammatory genes, including IL6, VEGF, CCL2/MCP1, VCAM1, SELE and ICAM1 were regulated by I942 without significant c-Jun recruitment, suggesting an additional, indirect mode of action for I942. In this regard, SOCS3 induction by I942 was found to require c-Jun and was associated with suppression of IL6-promoted ERK MAP kinase and AKT activity and induction of ICAM1. Pharmacological inhibition of ERK and AKT also potentiated ICAM1 induction by I942. We therefore propose that c-Jun activation by I942 regulates endothelial gene expression in HUVECs through direct mechanisms, involving recruitment of c-Jun or, as for ICAM1, through indirect regulation of tertiary regulators, including SOCS3.

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SN - 2073-4409

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