Gas phase chemoselective hydrogenation of p-nitrobenzonitrile over gold: effect of metal particle size, support and the metal-support interface

Yufen Hao, Fernando Cárdenas-Lizana, Mark A. Keane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We report the catalytic gas phase hydrogenation of p-nitrobenzonitrile (p-NBN) to p-aminobenzonitrile (p-ABN) over a series of oxide (CeO2, Fe2O3, Fe3O4, TiO2, ZrO2 and Al2O3) supported (1 mol%) Au catalysts (mean size 3–8 nm from electron microscopy). Hydrogenation rate was structure sensitive with lower turnover frequencies (TOF) over larger Au nanoparticles in the 4–8 nm interval and a decrease in TOF for Au ≤ 3 nm. This size dependence also applies to H2 chemisorption under reaction conditions. Rate normalised with respect to H2 uptake showed a dependence on support redox potential where the formation of oxygen vacancies (from O2 titration) served to stabilise the −NO2 group, lowering reactivity. Reaction over Au/TiO2 with modified electronic character (from XPS) deviated from this trend and delivered the highest specific hydrogenation rate, which is attributed to –NO2 activation at the Au-TiO2 interface; this effect extends to TiO2 supported Ag and Pd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-173
Number of pages9
JournalCatalysis, Structure and Reactivity
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Dec 2017

Keywords

  • metal size
  • Oxide supported gold
  • oxygen vacancies
  • p-aminobenzonitrile
  • p-nitrobenzonitrile
  • selective gas phase hydrogenation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Catalysis
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)

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