Future Forums: A methodology for Exploring, Gamifying, and Raising Security Awareness of Code-Citizens

Theodoros Georgiou, Lynne Baillie, Olga Chatzifoti, Sheung Chi Chan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Future Forums are multiphase user centered design workshops, with the early phases aiming to initiate discussions, that then leads to the co-design of game elements centered around aspects of code security. The same procedure was followed for each of the three Future Forums, each focusing to a slightly different theme around cyber security. By engaging code-citizens in discussions on cyber security that are rooted in their personal experiences and individual viewpoints, several themes emerged, such as the role of coder practices and ethical behavior in security while coding. Findings gave us a deep insight in the code-citizens’ ecosystem during code development – both in terms of their individual beliefs and practices, and the practicalities they have to consider. Discussions were followed by the co-design and co-creation of game elements. The game elements code-citizens co-created allowed us to observe how code elements and code practices are represented with game elements, informing future designs of security oriented serious games. This paper discusses the implications these findings have to the design of cyber security oriented serious games, and to the wider HCI community working with similar methodologies.
Original languageEnglish
Article number102930
JournalInternational Journal of Human-Computer Studies
Early online date17 Sep 2022
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 17 Sep 2022


  • Cyber security
  • Gamification
  • Participatory design workshop
  • Serious games

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Education
  • Engineering(all)
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Hardware and Architecture


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