Functionalised N-Heterocyclic Carbene Ligands in Bimetallic Architectures

Kieren J. Evans, Stephen M. Mansell

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature reviewpeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)
81 Downloads (Pure)


N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHCs) have become immensely successful ligands in coordination chemistry and homogeneous catalysis due to their strong terminal σ-donor properties. However, by targeting NHC ligands with additional functionalisation, a new area of NHC coordination chemistry has developed that has enabled NHCs to be used to build up bimetallic and multimetallic architectures. This minireview covers the development of functionalised NHC ligands that incorporate additional donor sites in order to coordinate two or more metal atoms. This can be through the N-atom of the NHC ring, through a donor group attached to the N-atom or the carbon backbone, coordination of the π-bond or an annulated π-donor on the backbone, or through direct metalation of the backbone.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5927-5941
Number of pages15
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Issue number27
Early online date25 Jan 2020
Publication statusPublished - 12 May 2020


  • bimetallic complexes
  • bridging ligands
  • ditopic ligands
  • metalation
  • N-heterocyclic carbenes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Organic Chemistry


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