Fully coupled mathematical modeling of turbidity currents over erodible bed

Peng Hu, Zhixian Cao

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Turbidity currents may feature active sediment transport and rapid bed deformation, such as those responsible for the erosion of many submarine canyons. Yet previous mathematical models are built upon simplified governing equations and involve steady flow and weak sediment transport assumptions, which are not in complete accordance with rigorous conservation laws. It so far remains unknown if these could have considerable impacts on the evolution of turbidity currents. Here a fully coupled modeling study is presented to gain new insights into the evolution of turbidity currents. The recent analysis of the multiple time scales of subaerial sediment-laden flows over erodible bed [Cao Z, Li Y, Yue Z. Multiple time scales of alluvial rivers carrying suspended sediment and their implications for mathematical
    modeling. Adv Water Resour 2007;30(4):715–29] is extended to subaqueous turbidity currents to complement the fully coupled modeling. Results from numerical simulations show the ability of the present coupled model to reproduce self-accelerating turbidity currents. Comparison among the fully and partially coupled and decoupled models along with the analysis of the relative time scale of bed deformation explicitly demonstrate that fully coupled modeling is essential for refined resolution of those turbidity
    currents featuring active sediment transport and rapid bed deformation, and existing models based on simplified conservation laws need to be reformulated.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-15
    Number of pages15
    JournalAdvances in Water Resources
    Volume32
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2009

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    turbidity current
    sediment transport
    modeling
    timescale
    submarine canyon
    steady flow
    suspended sediment
    erosion
    river
    sediment
    simulation
    water
    analysis

    Cite this

    Hu, Peng ; Cao, Zhixian. / Fully coupled mathematical modeling of turbidity currents over erodible bed. In: Advances in Water Resources. 2009 ; Vol. 32, No. 1. pp. 1-15 .
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    Fully coupled mathematical modeling of turbidity currents over erodible bed. / Hu, Peng; Cao, Zhixian.

    In: Advances in Water Resources, Vol. 32, No. 1, 01.01.2009, p. 1-15 .

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AB - Turbidity currents may feature active sediment transport and rapid bed deformation, such as those responsible for the erosion of many submarine canyons. Yet previous mathematical models are built upon simplified governing equations and involve steady flow and weak sediment transport assumptions, which are not in complete accordance with rigorous conservation laws. It so far remains unknown if these could have considerable impacts on the evolution of turbidity currents. Here a fully coupled modeling study is presented to gain new insights into the evolution of turbidity currents. The recent analysis of the multiple time scales of subaerial sediment-laden flows over erodible bed [Cao Z, Li Y, Yue Z. Multiple time scales of alluvial rivers carrying suspended sediment and their implications for mathematical modeling. Adv Water Resour 2007;30(4):715–29] is extended to subaqueous turbidity currents to complement the fully coupled modeling. Results from numerical simulations show the ability of the present coupled model to reproduce self-accelerating turbidity currents. Comparison among the fully and partially coupled and decoupled models along with the analysis of the relative time scale of bed deformation explicitly demonstrate that fully coupled modeling is essential for refined resolution of those turbidity currents featuring active sediment transport and rapid bed deformation, and existing models based on simplified conservation laws need to be reformulated.

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