Full-scale marine exposure tests on treated and untreated concretes-initial 7-year results

Sreejith V. Nanukuttan, Lulu Basheer, W. John McCarter, Des J. Robinson, P. A. Muhammed Basheer

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    41 Citations (Scopus)


    An extensive chloride profiling program was undertaken on concrete pier stems erected in the vicinity of the Dornoch Bridge located at the Dornoch Firth in Northeast Scotland. The pier stems were 2 m (6.562 ft) high and octagonal in plan with 0.66 m (2.165 ft) wide faces. The piers were constructed in sets of three with the lowest of each set in the tidal zone and the highest in the atmospheric zone. The pier stems were placed in such a way that they would represent the exposure conditions of the actual bridge piers of the Dornoch Bridge. In all, six of the pier stems were made using plain ordinary portland cement (OPC) concrete (with three of these having the surface treated with silane); the remaining three pier stems had a concrete containing caltite as an additive. Three exposure zones were studied: the tidal zone, the splash zone, and the atmospheric zone. The tidal zone was further subdivided into two levels defined as low-level and high-level. Chloride profiles were obtained from the different regimes over a period of 7 years for all nine pier stems. This paper describes the nature of chloride ingress and the usefulness of diffusion parameters in classifying each exposure regimes. Furthermore, the effectiveness of silane and caltite in protecting concrete from chloride ingress in different exposure zones was studied. Copyright © 2008, American Concrete Institute. All rights reserved,.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)81-87
    Number of pages7
    JournalACI Materials Journal
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2008


    • Chloride profiles
    • Chloride threshold
    • Coefficient of diffusion
    • Surface treatments


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