### Abstract

Given a normal projective irreducible stack X over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero we consider framed sheaves on X, i.e., pairs (E,ϕE), where E is a coherent sheaf on X and ϕE is a morphism from E to a fixed coherent sheaf F. After introducing a suitable notion of (semi)stability, we construct a projective scheme, which is a moduli space for semistable framed sheaves with fixed Hilbert polynomial, and an open subset of it, which is a fine moduli space for stable framed sheaves. If X is a projective irreducible orbifold of dimension two and F a locally free sheaf on a smooth divisor D⊂X satisfying certain conditions, we consider (D,F)-framed sheaves, i.e., framed sheaves (E,ϕE) with E a torsion-free sheaf which is locally free in a neighbourhood of D, and ϕE|D an isomorphism. These pairs are μ-stable for a suitable choice of a parameter entering the (semi)stability condition, and of the polarization of X. This implies the existence of a fine moduli space parameterizing isomorphism classes of (D,F)-framed sheaves on X with fixed Hilbert polynomial, which is a quasi-projective scheme. In an appendix we develop the example of stacky Hirzebruch surfaces. This is the first paper of a project aimed to provide an algebro-geometric approach to the study of gauge theories on a wide class of 4-dimensional Riemannian manifolds by means of framed sheaves on "stacky" compactifications of them. In particular, in a subsequent paper [20] these results are used to study gauge theories on ALE spaces of type A_{k}.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 20-95 |

Number of pages | 76 |

Journal | Advances in Mathematics |

Volume | 272 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 26 Feb 2015 |

### Keywords

- Framed sheaves
- Gauge theories
- Instantons
- Moduli spaces
- Projective stacks
- Toric stacks

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Mathematics(all)

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## Cite this

*Advances in Mathematics*,

*272*, 20-95. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aim.2014.11.019