Fractal Analysis of the Crystal Surfaces of Calcium 4B Toner Pigments

R. R. Mather

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


A method is proposed for the fractal analysis of the crystal surfaces of a wide range of calcium 4B toner pigments, previously characterised by McKay [FATIPEC Congr. XVIII, 2B (1986), 405]. It is concluded that the crystal surfaces of all but two of the pigments are very smooth. Values for the degree of face-to-face packing of the pigment crystals have been determined from the fractal analysis. These values generally agree closely with the values obtained by McKay's method. © 1997 Elsevier Science Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-99
Number of pages7
JournalDyes and Pigments
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1997


  • Aggregation
  • Calcium 4B toner
  • Crystal
  • Fractal
  • Pigment
  • Surfaces


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