Formation of η3-bonded lactone complexes and eight-membered ring metallacycles with ketene groups by the insertion of acetylenes into carbon–molybdenum and –tungsten σ bonds; molecular and crystal structures of carbonyl(η-cyclopentadienyl)(3–5-η-2,3-dihydro-3,4,5-trimethyl-2-oxo-3-furyl)(t-butyl isocyanide)molybdenum and carbonyl-(η-cyclopentadienyl)(3–4:5–6-η-2,3,4,5-tetramethyl-6-oxo-1-trifluoromethylhexa-1,3,5-trienyloxo)molybdenum

Michael Green, Jeffrey Z. Nyathi, Caron Scott, F. Gordon A. Stone, Alan J. Welch, Peter Woodward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Reaction of [MR(CO)3(η-C5H5)](M = Mo, R = COCF3, Me, or PhCH2; M = W, R = COCF3 or Me) with but-2-yne either thermally or on u.v. irradiation affords the crystalline vinylketone complexes [[graphic omitted]}-(CO)2(η-C5H5)](R = CF3, Me, or PhCH2). These complexes react with donor ligands such as CNBut, CNC6H11, CO, or PPh3 to form η3-allylic lactone complexes of the type [M{η3-[graphic omitted]}(CO)(η-C5H5)L](L = CO, CNBut, CNC6H11, or PPh3). The complex where L = CNBut and R = Me is structurally identified by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Crystals are monoclinic, space group P21/a with four molecules in a unit cell of dimensions a= 9.3013(15), b= 22.161(6), c= 9.353(3)Å, and β= 102.76(2)°. The mode of formation of this type of complex is discussed in detail. A further product obtained from the reaction of [Mo(COCF3)(CO)3-(η-C5H5)] with but-2-yne is the purple-red complex [[graphic omitted]}(CO)(η-C5H5)] crystallographically shown to contain an unusual eight-membered ring structure containing an η2-ketenic group. Eight molecules crystallise in a unit cell of dimensions a= 18.389(4), b= 11.137(3), c= 16.686(5)Å, β= 92.55°, and space group P2/n. The mechanism of formation of this and of a related tungsten complex is discussed. In addition, complexes are formed which are considered to be isostructural with the eight-membered ring species, except that the terminal carbon monoxide is replaced by an η2-bonded but-2-yne molecule. Simple symmetry arguments are developed which refer the co-ordination geometries of both the lactone and the metallacycle complexes to different isomers of a monocapped trigonal prism.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1067-1080
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the Chemical Society, Dalton Transactions
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1978

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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