The aim of this paper is to further the understanding of calcium carbonate scale formation by in-situ probing of crystal growth by synchrotron radiation Wide Angle X-Ray Scattering (WAXS). This novel technique enables in-situ study of mineral scale formation and inhibition and information on the nucleation and growth processes is accessible. This technique studies bulk precipitation and surface deposition in the same system and has great benefit to understand an industrial scaling system. It has been shown that WAXS has been successfully used for the study of calcareous formation and enables crystallization mechanisms to be investigated. This paper discusses how surface scale evolves - exploring the power of the synchrotron in-situ methodology.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Optoelectronics and Advanced Materials
|Published - May 2007
- CaCO 3 synchrotron
- Crystal growth