Flow over a cylinder subjected to combined translational and rotational oscillations

Mehdi Nazarinia, David Lo Jacono, Mark C. Thompson, John Sheridan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


The experimental research reported here employs particle image velocimetry to extend the study of Nazarinia et al. (2009a), recording detailed vorticity fields in the near-wake of a circular cylinder undergoing combined translational and rotational oscillatory motions. The focus of the present study is to examine the effect of the ratio between the cross-stream translational and rotational velocities and frequencies on the synchronization of the near-wake structures for multiple phase differences between the two motions. The frequencies are fixed close to that of the natural frequency of vortex shedding. The results are presented for a fixed amplitude of rotational oscillation of 1 rad and a range of ratios between the translational and rotational velocities (V-R) = [0.25,0.5,1.0,1.5] and for a range of frequency ratios (F-R) = [0.5,1.0,2.0]. In particular, it was found that varying the V-R value changed the near-wake structure. The results show that at the lower value of V-R = 0.25, for all of the phase differences examined, the vortices are shed in a single-row 25 mode aligned in the medial plane with a slight offset from the centreline and also synchronized with the combined oscillatory motion. As V-R increases the vortex shedding mode changes from a 2S single-row to a 2S double-row structure and eventually back to the single-row (at V-R = 0.5). Increasing V-R further resulted in the loss of lock-on over the range of negative phase angles and a transition from the 2S to P + S mode for the in-phase case. There was transition back to the 2S wake mode with a further decrease in Phi. For higher V-R the range of desynchronization increased. In the second and third parts of this paper it is shown that the occurrence of unlocked wake flow as the phase angle is varied is greater when the frequency ratio between the imposed oscillatory motions and the natural vortex shedding frequency F-RN is higher than unity. The vortices are synchronized in the near-wake at F-RN values less than unity and unlocked when F-RN > 1.0. In particular, the near-wake structures have also been shown to be synchronized for F-R = 0.5 and unlocked for FR = 2.0. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-145
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Fluids and Structures
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012
Event7th International Symposium on Fluid-Structure Interactions, Flow-Sound Interactions, and Flow-Induced Vibrations and Noise - Montreal, Canada
Duration: 1 Aug 20105 Aug 2010


  • PIV
  • Combined oscillation
  • Vortex shedding
  • Lock-on


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