Faunal trophic structure at hydrothermal vents on the southern Mohn’s Ridge, Arctic Ocean

Andrew K Sweetman, Lisa A. Levin, Hans T. Rapp, Christoffer Schander

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We explore the trophic ecology of heterotrophic fauna associated with a high temperature (HT) vent, 2 low temperature vents, a ‘near-HT vent’ habitat and a non-vent site situated at upper bathyal depths on the southern Mohn’s Ridge in the Arctic Ocean. Only a single taxon (the gastropod Pseudosetia griegi) was found at the high temperature vent habitat. Their mean δ13C values were significantly lighter than conspecifics from a low temperature vent habitat within the same vent field, reflecting the incorporation of sulfide oxidizing bacteria into the biomass of the animals. The majority of fauna from the low temperature, near-HT, and non-vent habitats had isotopic signatures indicative of assimilation of photosynthetic material. However, we found remarkably diverse isotopic compositions among the fauna sampled here, with a small sub-set of fauna at each site possessing C and N isotopic signatures indicative of incorporation of chemosynthetic production. Moreover, when isotopic signatures of similar taxa were compared from the same sample, δ13C signatures suggested a high degree of trophic complexity can exist over relatively small spatial scales at vent habitats on the southern Mohn’s Ridge. The high contribution of photosynthetic food material to faunal diets and variability in food types may result from the upper bathyal venting depth and sedimentary nature of the vents. We hypothesize that the upper bathyal depth of active venting may lead to iron enhancement of surface photosynthetic production, especially in high nutrient areas, which ultimately sinks to the seabed where it is incorporated by fauna around the vents.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-131
Number of pages17
JournalMarine Ecology Progress Series
Volume473
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jan 2013

Fingerprint

trophic structure
hydrothermal vent
Arctic region
fauna
habitat
venting
temperature
habitats
food
gastropod
isotopic composition
sulfide
Arctic Ocean
sulfides
diet
iron
Gastropoda
assimilation (physiology)
bacterium
nutrient

Keywords

  • Fauna
  • Hydrothermal vents
  • Mixing models
  • Southern Mohn's Ridge
  • Stable isotopes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Cite this

Sweetman, Andrew K ; Levin, Lisa A. ; Rapp, Hans T. ; Schander, Christoffer. / Faunal trophic structure at hydrothermal vents on the southern Mohn’s Ridge, Arctic Ocean. In: Marine Ecology Progress Series. 2013 ; Vol. 473. pp. 115-131.
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Faunal trophic structure at hydrothermal vents on the southern Mohn’s Ridge, Arctic Ocean. / Sweetman, Andrew K; Levin, Lisa A.; Rapp, Hans T.; Schander, Christoffer.

In: Marine Ecology Progress Series, Vol. 473, 21.01.2013, p. 115-131.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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