Fault classification using convolutional neural networks and color channels for time-frequency analysis of acoustic emissions

Mohamad Nashed, Jamil Renno, M. Shadi Mohamed

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Abstract

We present a novel method for real-time fault classification using the time history of acoustic emissions (AEs) recorded from a lab-scale gas turbine operating under normal and faulty conditions across multiple turbine speeds. Time-frequency features are extracted using the continuous wavelet transform, and for each signal, the root mean square (RMS) and kurtosis are calculated. We employ a color mapping technique to combine the time-frequency and statistical features into a single red–green–blue (RGB) image. The red channel is mapped to the time-frequency data, whereas the green and blue channels are mapped to the RMS and kurtosis, respectively. Subsequently, a deep convolutional neural network is trained on the generated images to classify the gas turbine condition. We show that the proposed model can form an online monitoring system using AEs to classify multiple running conditions at various turbine speeds. The methodology not only achieves real-time classification of faults but also minimizes the human intervention in identifying these faults. The datasets and codes used in this paper will be openly available.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Vibration and Control
Early online date13 Jun 2023
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 13 Jun 2023

Keywords

  • Color mapping
  • continuous wavelet transform
  • convolutional neural networks
  • sensor fault classification
  • acoustic emissions
  • gas turbine blade fault

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